Geothermal energy is a renewable energy source that taps into the Earth’s natural heat to generate electricity and provide heating or cooling. In geothermal power plants, hot water or steam from underground reservoirs is used to drive turbines, which in turn generate electricity. This heat can be derived from shallow ground sources or deeper reservoirs, where temperatures are higher due to the Earth’s internal processes. Geothermal energy offers a reliable and constant power supply, as it is not dependent on weather conditions or time of day. With its low greenhouse gas emissions and minimal environmental impact, geothermal energy plays a significant role in the global transition towards cleaner and more sustainable energy solutions. Advances in drilling technology and resource exploration are expanding the potential for geothermal energy production in various regions around the world.