Geothermal energy, a renewable energy source, leverages the Earth’s innate heat for the generation of electricity, as well as for heating and cooling purposes. This process occurs in geothermal power plants where the turbines are driven by hot water or steam from subterranean reservoirs, thereby producing electricity. The necessary heat can be sourced from either near-surface areas or deeper geothermal deposits, where the Earth’s internal activities result in elevated temperatures. Unaffected by weather variations or the time of day, geothermal energy delivers a consistent and reliable power source. Given its negligible greenhouse gas emissions and limited environmental footprint, it contributes significantly to the worldwide shift towards greener, more sustainable energy practices. Progress in drilling techniques and the exploration of resources are broadening the horizons for geothermal energy production in diverse parts of the globe.
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